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Altitude: 900 -1800 m above sea level
Climate: 13 degree C -30 degree C
The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
This is one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries nature has gifted. It has a history dating back to 1934, when the erstwhile Travancore state.intiated the establishment of the Nellikampatty sanctuary .This was gradually developed in to a 780-sq km Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary by 1950.The Periyar winds around capes and hills, some rising 3,000 feet above its surface. The artificial Lake, formed by the masonry dam built for irrigation and power generation in 1985, spreads over 25 offering the adventure a unique experience of watching a captivating assortment of Fauna at close quarters.
Wildlife such as elephants, tigers, panthers, leopards, Indian bisons, sambhars, spotted deer, common langurs, sloth bears, civets and wild dogs can be seen in their natural habitat. The motorboat gliding on the placid lake takes one of the breathtakingly close view of the elephant herds.Thekkady is also a haven for a variety of birds like darters ,hornbills ,grackles , grey jungle fowls , blue –winged parakeets ,babblers ,herons and egrets.
Flora: Over 1965 flowering plants, 143 specious of orchids. The only south Indian conifer Podocarpus Wallicbianus.
Fauna: 35 species including the wild elephant ,gaur ,sambar deer and wild boar that can be sighted from the boats, the Nilgiri
tahr in the highly rocky areas, the endangered lion –tailed macaque confined to the evergreen interiors ,the bonnet macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, flying squirrel ,tiger jungle cat, sloth bear etc.
Birds: 265 species including migrants
Reptiles: Cobra, viper, krait
Amphibians: Frogs, toads and limbless caecilians including the colorful Malabar gliding frog.
Pisces (fish): The masbeer famous and endangered game fish of India. The otter, the only mammal of the Lake, can be frequently spotted from the boat.
Plantations: Tea, cardamom, pepper and coffee plantations surround the periyar wild sanctuary.
Ecotourism Programmes:
Nature walk-Guided day trek, Periyar tiger trail protection –oriented trekking and camping activity, conservation oriented, hard truck along the boundary of the Tiger reserve.
Bamboo rafting: dawn to dusk trekking and rafting trip, Jungle petrol –night patrolling programme.
Kumily: An important shopping center and spice trade center, the main bus station and most of the medium range a accommodation in the Periyar region are in Kumily.
A popular picnic spot, Pandikuzhy offers great opportunities for trekking and is a photographer’s delight. Situated between Chellarkovil and the Tamilnadu border.5 km from Kumily.
Mangala Devi Temple:
Visitors are allowed only on the Chitra Pournami festival. Permission to visit the area can be obtained from the wildlife warden, Thekkady.The ancient temple is hidden the dense woods at the top of a peak 1337 m above sea level.
Vandiperiyar: A major trade center, Vandiperiyar is also home to a number of tea factories .The Government Agriculture Farm and Flower Garden has a delightful array of rose plants, Orchids and anthuria.
This is one of the world’s largest auction centers for Cardamom .25 km from Kumily.
Altitude: 915 -1100 m above sea level.Temparature: 13 degree C -24 degree C.Rain fall: 2500 mm
Kuttikkanam: A place for adventure tourism and trekking, or even a languorous, tranquil break. This picturesque plantation town washed in the fragrance of cardamom is surrounded by lush, green hills.
Thrissanku hills: The rolling hills, the lovely landscape and the gentle breeze make this an ideal spot for long walks. The hills offer a breathtaking view of the sun rise and sunset.
Grampi: Grampi is also known as Parunthupara (eagle rock) because of the panoramic views form its high peaks. The road to Grampi is flanked by unending stretches of Cardamom, tea and coffee plantations.
Pattumala: Pattumala is home to two famous tea plantations, Harrisons Malayalam and AV Thomas&Co.Lofty peaks, small streams and ever expanding plantations are the attractions of this place.
Vagamon: The chain of three hills Thangal hill, Murugan hill and Kurisumala is a mark of religious harmony. The diary farm managed by the Kurisumala monks is worth visit.
Ramakkalmedu: A mountain peak that can give you a bird’s eye view of Western Ghats and the plains of Tamilnadu below. Also you can see here Kerala’s biggest statue of Kuravan&Kurathi the two historical characters of local community who’s name where given to the rocks between which the Idukki Arch dam was built.28 km from Kumily.
Kailasam: 39 km from Thekkady towards Munnar.This 1500 acres of land was inherited by the “Chettiars” of Devakotai.This was later taken over by “njavallil” family of Kanjirapally who have been basically planters.