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Area: 5019
Population: 1,079,369 (2001 census)
Altitude: 2200 m above Sea level
Telephone access code: Thekkady, Kumily, Peerumedu: +91-4869
                                     Munnar: +91-4865, Chinnakanal: +91-4868
Air: Nearest Airport: Madurai (Tamilnadu) 140 km, Kochi: 190 km
Kozhikode: 315 Km, Thiruvananthapuram: 265 km
Rail: Kottayam: 114 Km, Madurai: 136 km
Road:Kottayam – Kumily 110 km ,Munnar – Kumily 110 km ,Kodaikkanal- Kumily 149 km ,Alappuzha – Kumily 160 km ,Ooty – Kumily 390 km.
Kerala’s largest district, Idukki is the one of the most nature-rich areas of the state. Powering Kerala with the one third of the state’s electricity,Idukki is also famous for its gigantic arch dam.As a tourist destination, the place offers diverse attraction like wildlife sanctuaries ,hill sations,spice plantation tours, mountain trekking ,elephant ride and rafting. This place is the dream destination for nature enthusiasts.
Idukki Arch Dam
A technological marvel, this magnificent parabolic structure is the world’s second and Asia’s first arch dam constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. Its height 550 ft and width 650 ft.The Idukki wild life sanctuary is located close by.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary.
This sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluk of the Idukki district, spreading over 77 and is about 450-748 m above sea level. The Idukki Reservoir formed by three dams-Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu.
Attractions-Trekking, view point. Painav: trekking evergreen forest.Cheruthoni: Idukki arch dam, reservoir and hill view park.
Kalvary Mount
This famous Christian pilgrimage site perched a top hill offers an aerial view of the Idukki Reservoir and its Surrounding peaks and forests. Guided trekking can be availed for here to nearby places.
Altitude: 900 -1800 m above sea level
Climate: 13 degree C -30 degree C
The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
This is one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries nature has gifted. It has a history dating back to 1934, when the erstwhile Travancore state.intiated the establishment of the Nellikampatty sanctuary .This was gradually developed in to a 780-sq km Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary by 1950.The Periyar winds around capes and hills, some rising 3,000 feet above its surface. The artificial Lake, formed by the masonry dam built for irrigation and power generation in 1985, spreads over 25 offering the adventure a unique experience of watching a captivating assortment of Fauna at close quarters.
Wildlife such as elephants, tigers, panthers, leopards, Indian bisons, sambhars, spotted deer, common langurs, sloth bears, civets and wild dogs can be seen in their natural habitat. The motorboat gliding on the placid lake takes one of the breathtakingly close view of the elephant herds.Thekkady is also a haven for a variety of birds like darters ,hornbills ,grackles , grey jungle fowls , blue –winged parakeets ,babblers ,herons and egrets.
Flora: Over 1965 flowering plants, 143 specious of orchids. The only south Indian conifer Podocarpus Wallicbianus.
Fauna: 35 species including the wild elephant ,gaur ,sambar deer and wild boar that can be sighted from the boats, the Nilgiri
tahr in the highly rocky areas, the endangered lion –tailed macaque confined to the evergreen interiors ,the bonnet macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, flying squirrel ,tiger jungle cat, sloth bear etc.
Birds: 265 species including migrants
Reptiles: Cobra, viper, krait
Amphibians: Frogs, toads and limbless caecilians including the colorful Malabar gliding frog.
Pisces (fish): The masbeer famous and endangered game fish of India. The otter, the only mammal of the Lake, can be frequently spotted from the boat.
Plantations: Tea, cardamom, pepper and coffee plantations surround the periyar wild sanctuary.
Ecotourism Programmes:
Nature walk-Guided day trek, Periyar tiger trail protection –oriented trekking and camping activity, conservation oriented, hard truck along the boundary of the Tiger reserve.
Bamboo rafting: dawn to dusk trekking and rafting trip, Jungle petrol –night patrolling programme.
Kumily: An important shopping center and spice trade center, the main bus station and most of the medium range a accommodation in the Periyar region are in Kumily.
A popular picnic spot, Pandikuzhy offers great opportunities for trekking and is a photographer’s delight. Situated between Chellarkovil and the Tamilnadu border.5 km from Kumily.
Mangala Devi Temple:
Visitors are allowed only on the Chitra Pournami festival. Permission to visit the area can be obtained from the wildlife warden, Thekkady.The ancient temple is hidden the dense woods at the top of a peak 1337 m above sea level.
Vandiperiyar: A major trade center, Vandiperiyar is also home to a number of tea factories .The Government Agriculture Farm and Flower Garden has a delightful array of rose plants, Orchids and anthuria.
This is one of the world’s largest auction centers for Cardamom .25 km from Kumily.
Altitude: 915 -1100 m above sea level.Temparature: 13 degree C -24 degree C.Rain fall: 2500 mm
Kuttikkanam: A place for adventure tourism and trekking, or even a languorous, tranquil break. This picturesque plantation town washed in the fragrance of cardamom is surrounded by lush, green hills.
Thrissanku hills: The rolling hills, the lovely landscape and the gentle breeze make this an ideal spot for long walks. The hills offer a breathtaking view of the sun rise and sunset.
Grampi: Grampi is also known as Parunthupara (eagle rock) because of the panoramic views form its high peaks. The road to Grampi is flanked by unending stretches of Cardamom, tea and coffee plantations.
Pattumala: Pattumala is home to two famous tea plantations, Harrisons Malayalam and AV Thomas&Co.Lofty peaks, small streams and ever expanding plantations are the attractions of this place.
Vagamon: The chain of three hills Thangal hill, Murugan hill and Kurisumala is a mark of religious harmony. The diary farm managed by the Kurisumala monks is worth visit.
Ramakkalmedu: A mountain peak that can give you a bird’s eye view of Western Ghats and the plains of Tamilnadu below. Also you can see here Kerala’s biggest statue of Kuravan&Kurathi the two historical characters of local community who’s name where given to the rocks between which the Idukki Arch dam was built.28 km from Kumily.
Kailasam: 39 km from Thekkady towards Munnar.This 1500 acres of land was inherited by the “Chettiars” of Devakotai.This was later taken over by “njavallil” family of Kanjirapally who have been basically planters.
Altitude: 5000 to 8000 ft above sea level.
Temperature: 0 degree C -30 degree C. (summer 15.2 degree C -25.8 degree C, winter 0 degree C-10 degree C)
Rainfall: 275cm
Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams –Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala.1600m above sea level, this hill station was once the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling tea plantations, Picture –book towns, winding lanes and holiday facilities make this popular resort town. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands here is the Neelakurinji .This flower which bathes the hills in blue every twelve years, will bloom next in 2006 AD.Munnar also has the highest peak in South India.Anamudi, which towers over 2695m.Anamudi is an ideal spot for trekking.
Kundala is a picturesque town on the way Top station. The Golf course which belongs to Tata Tea Ltd is located here. The Kundala artificial dam is another attraction .Aruvikkad waterfall is also near Kundala.
Echo point:
This scenic place gets is name from the natural echo point phenomenon here. Echo point is on the way to Top station from Munnar.
Mattupetty Dam:
Mattupetty is situated at a height of 1700m, Mattupetty is known for its highly specialized dairy farm-the Indo Swiss Livestock Project. The Mattupetty lake and dam, just a short distance from the farm, is a very beautiful picnic spot. The sprawling Kundala tea plantations and the Kundala Lake are other attractions in the vicinity.DTPC Idukki provides boating facilities on the Mattupetty Dam. Speed launch .slow speed boat and motor boats are available on here.
Pothanmedu offers an excellent view of the tea, coffee and cardamom plantations in Munnar.Which is 6 km from Munnar.
The Sita Devi Lake with its mineral waters and picturesque surroundings is a good picnic spot, which is 7 km from Munnar.
This is the first hydro- Electric project in Kerala, which is 8 km from Munnar.
Lockhart Gap:
This is an ideal place for adventure tourism and trekking.
Eravikulam National Park:
The 97 km park is situated in the Devikulam Taluk and is home to the Nilgiri Tahr.The Park is divided in to three region, the core area, the buffer area and tourism area. Visitors are allowed only in to the tourism area which is in the Rajamala region. The Nilgiri Tahr can be observed at close quarters here.
Visiting time: 0800 -1700 hrs.Visitors are not allowed during the monsoon time.
The Anayirankal Dam is surrounded by Tata Tea Plantation and ever green forests. Boat ride on the reservoir is an unforgettable experience.
Top Station:
1700 m above sea level. This is the highest place at Munnar.Top Station also offers a panoramic view of neighboring state Tamilnadu.
This is the only place in Kerala that has a natural growth of Sandalwood trees. The ancient Caves (Muniyaras) with murals and relics from the Neolithic age and the children’s park is main attraction of this area.Thoovanam waterfalls and the Rajiv Gandhi National Park is near by.
This picnic spot is famous for its seven steps water fall. Pedal boating, forest trekking, night camping and bathing in the water falls is the other attractions.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Situated on the Tamil Nadu Border, this Sanctuary spreads over 90.44 km.
Visiting time: 0700 -1800 hrs .Entry passes available at office of the Assistant conservator of Forest.
Tea Museum:
India’s only tea museum runs by Tata Tea traces the evolution of the tea industry for Munnar from the 1880s.